Gin today is produced in different ways from a wide range of herbal ingredients, giving rise to a number of distinct styles and brands. After juniper, gin tends to be flavoured with botanical/herbal, spice, floral or fruit flavours or often a combination. It is commonly consumed mixed with tonic water in a gin and tonic. Gin is also often used as a base spirit to produce flavoured, gin-based liqueurs, for example sloe gin, traditionally produced by the addition of fruit, flavourings and sugar.
Popular botanicals or flavouring agents for gin, besides the required juniper, often include citrus elements, such as lemon and bitter orange peel, as well as a combination of other spices, which may include any of anise, angelica root and seed, orris root, pine needles and cone, licorice root, cinnamon, almond, cubeb, savory, lime peel, grapefruit peel, dragon eye (longan), saffron, baobab, frankincense, coriander, grains of paradise, nutmeg, cassia bark or others. The different combinations and concentrations of these botanicals in the distillation process cause the variations in taste among gin products.
Check out some of the typical gin styles:
Gin: Has to use Juniper Berry as the main flavouring ingredient
London Dry: Minimum 37.5% abv, with no artificial ingredients allowed, and no additional flavouring allowed after distillation
Old Tom: Simply Gin that is sweetened with liquorice or sugar.
Navy Strength: Gin with higher abv, usually around 57.5% with stronger flavours. However there is no other stylistic differentiation
Genever: Gin distilled from malt wine.
Inexpensive Gin: Beware, cheap Gin can be made by added essence into neutral spirit.
We have available some of the best gins for gin and tonic, including Monkey 47, Gin Mare, Hendricks Gin, Tanqueray Gin, Perfume Tree Gin, Fok Hing Gin, Roku Gin, Bombay Gin. If you'd like to know more about best everyday gins, check out our blog on here